What Causes Endocrine Diseases?

Endocrine Diseases

List Of Endocrine Diseases

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What Causes Endocrine Diseases?

Endocrine diseases occur when the body’s endocrine feedback system produces too much or too little of a particular hormone.

The endocrine’s feedback system enables the body to signal gland or glands the correct amount of hormone needed.

  • if the endocrine feedback does not work properly, then Endocrine Disease may occur
  • increases or decreases of endocrine hormone levels can cause endocrine disease
  • genetic disorder
  • infection
  • injury to an endocrine gland, eg. head injury
  • tumor

A majority of endocrine tumors and nodules are noncancerous. However, a tumor or nodule on the gland may cause interference with endocrine hormones. 

The Endocrine System Helps to Regulate:

  • fluid balance
  • menstrual cycle (female)
  • testes (male)
  • weight control
  • breathing
  • appetite
  • growth

Before my world with Sheehan’s Syndrome, I was not aware of all of the essential hormones that the pituitary gland delivers to the body. 

Sheehan’s Syndrome is caused by losing to much blood or hemmoraging at childbirth. 

 

 

 

List Of Endocrine Diseases

There are numerous types of endocrine diseases.

Diabetes is the most common endocrine disorder diagnosed in the U.S.

Other endocrine disorders include:

Adrenal Insufficiency

The adrenal gland releases too little of the hormone cortisol and sometimes, aldosterone.

Symptoms of Adrenal Insufficiency

Symptoms of Adrenal Insufficiency include:

  • fatigue
  • stomach upset
  • dehydration
  • skin changes

Addison’s disease is a type of adrenal insufficiency.

People who have Adrenal Insufficiency are usually:

  • thin
  • tan
  • crave salt before being diagnosed

Cushing’s Disease

The pituitary gland signals the adrenal glands to overproduce hormones. The additional signals cause the adrenal glands to release of too much cortisol and other essential hormones.

Cushing’s Syndrome is a rare disease that may occur in people, particularly children, who take high doses of corticosteroid medications.

Symptoms of Cushing’s Syndrome include:

  • weight gain, especially around the mid-section
  • buffalo hump neck
  • fatigue

Gigantism (Acromegaly)

If the pituitary gland produces too much Growth Hormone, a child’s bones and body may grow abnormally fast.

Symptoms of Acromegaly:

  • changes in physical appearance, especially facial structure
  • thickening of soft tissues such as skin, tongue, and muscles
  • enlarged tongue may cause apnea
  • carpal tunnel syndrome caused by an overgrowth of muscles cause nerve pain
  • enlargement of organs such as the heart
  • diabetes
  • high levels of fats such as triglycerides in the blood
  • Atherosclerosis

Growth Hormone Insufficiency

The Pituitary Gland does not release Growth Hormone into the body.

Symptoms of Growth Insufficiency

  • low energy levels
  • body has a difficult time maintaining muscle mass
  • have a difficult time with their social well-being

Children that have low Growth Hormone may stop growing and not reach their body’s intended height.

Hyperthyroidism

The thyroid gland produces too much thyroid hormone.

Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism

  • weight loss
  • fast heart rate
  • sweating
  • nervousness
  • anxiety

The most common cause of an overactive thyroid is an autoimmune disorder named Grave’s disease.

Hypothyroidism

The thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone.

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism

  • depression
  • body feels cold
  • weight gain
  • a neck gortler
  • brittle nails
  • dry skin

What Causes Endocrine Diseases?

Endocrine diseases occur when the body’s endocrine feedback system produces too much or too little of a particular hormone.

The endocrine’s feedback system enables the body to signal gland or glands the correct amount of hormone needed.

  • if the endocrine feedback does not work properly, then Endocrine Disease may occur
  • increases or decreases of endocrine hormone levels can cause endocrine disease
  • genetic disorder
  • infection
  • injury to an endocrine gland, eg. head injury
  • tumor

A majority of endocrine tumors and nodules are noncancerous. However, a tumor or nodule on the gland may cause interference with endocrine hormones. 

The Endocrine System Helps to Regulate:

  • appetite
  • breathing
  • growth
  • fluid balance
  • menstrual cycle (female)
  • testes (male)
  • weight control

Resources:

http://www.webmd.com/diabetes/endocrine-system-disorders#2-5

https://www.healthgrades.com/conditions/endocrine-disorders

 

I hope you have found, What Causes Endocrine Diseases? help. 

You may also find Endocrine Photos useful. 

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