List of Pituitary Gland Diseases

Photo of the Pituitary Gland

Photo of the Pituitary Gland

List of Pituitary Gland Diseases

Your pituitary gland is a tiny organ about the size the of a pea and is located at the base of the brain.

The Pituitary Gland is often referred to as the body’s “Master Gland” because it produce hormones that travel throughout the body. The hormones produced by the pituitary gland consist of;

  • Prolactin – Prolactin stimulates the mother’s breast milk to begin after childbirth. It also affects the level of sex hormone in women’s ovaries  and from testes in men.
  • Growth hormone (GH) – GH stimulates childhood growth. In adults Growth Hormone plays an  role for maintaining muscle mass and bone mass. Growth Hormone also affects the way the body distributes fat.
  • Adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) – ACTH hormone stimulates the release of cortisol by the adrenal glands.  Cortisol, is a “stress hormone,” is necessary for our survival. Cortisol helps our body when we are under stress or illness. It also helps maintain blood pressure and blood glucose (sugar) levels.
  • Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) – TSH hormone stimulates the thyroid gland to release thyroid hormones. Thyroid hormones which regulate our body’s energy, metabolism, nervous system, and growth.
  • Luteinizing hormone (LH) – LH stimulates testosterone production in men and egg release (ovulation) in women.
  • Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) – FSH hormones promotes sperm production in males and stimulates the ovaries to produce estrogen and develop eggs in females.
  •  Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) – ADH,  is also referred to as vasopressin. ADH hormone regulates water balance in the body.
  • Oxytocin – Oxytocin causes milk to release from the breasts of women after childbirth. Oxytocin is thought to help in the progress of labor. There have been recent theories that Oxytocin also promotes social well being.

As hormones are released by the Pituitary Gland they travel through the body.

The hormones direct, processes or stimulate other glands to produce other hormones.

The pituitary gland makes or stores many different hormones. pituitary gland. When excessive or insufficient hormones are produced by the Pituitary Gland more than a dozen different disorders of the endocrine system can result.

Here is a List of  Pituitary Gland Diseases:

Diseases Caused by Pituitary Gland Disorders Caused By Hormones Affected 
Acromegaly overproduction growth hormone
Cushing’s disease overproduction adrenocorticotropic hormone
Growth hormone deficiency under production growth hormone
Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone overproduction vasopressin
Diabetes insipidus under production vasopressin
Sheehan syndrome under production any pituitary hormone
Pickardt-Fahlbusch-Syndrome under production any pituitary hormone, except prolactin, which is increased
Hyperpituitarism overproduction any pituitary hormone
Hypopituitarism under production any pituitary hormone
I hope this List Of  The Pituitary Gland Diseases been helpful to you.

Here is My Story with Pituitary Disease.

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