List Of Medical Specialists and What They Do
List Of Medical Specialist And What They Do
The list below consists of a list of medical specialist and what they do.
I have linked each of these medical specialist definitions to Wikipedia.
I have also used the information provided on Wikipedia to outline the expert’s expertise.
I realize Wikipedia may not be entirely accurate, but I have found Wikipedia to be a terrific news source.
Wikipedia usually includes footnotes so you can backlink to the referenced source.
Cardiologist: A medical specialty was dealing with disorders of the heart (specifically the human heart). The field includes medical diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, heart failure, valvular heart disease and electrophysiology. Physicians who specialize in this area of medicine are called cardiologists. Physicians who specialize in cardiac surgery are referred to as cardiac surgeons.
Dermatologist: A physician that deals with the skin and its diseases. a unique specialty with both medical and surgical aspects.A dermatologist takes care of diseases, in the widest sense, and some cosmetic problems of the skin, scalp, hair, and nails.
Endocrinologist: An Endocrinologist is a doctor who specializes in treating disorders of the endocrine system, such as diabetes, hyperthyroidism, and many others. Although every organ system secretes and responds to hormones (including the brain, lungs, heart, intestine, skin, and the kidney), the clinical specialty of endocrinology focuses primarily on the endocrine organs, meaning the organs whose primary function is hormone secretion. These organs include the pituitary, thyroid, adrenals, ovaries, testes, and pancreas.
Gastroenterologist: A doctor that specializes in diseases affecting the gastrointestinal tract, which includes the organs from mouth to anus, along with the alimentary canal.
Hematologist: A Physician that routine work mainly includes the care and treatment of patients with hematological diseases, although some may also work at the hematology laboratory viewing blood films and bone marrow slides under the microscope, interpreting various hematological test results. In some institutions, hematologists also manage the hematology laboratory.
Physicians who work in hematology laboratories, and most commonly manage them, are pathologists specialized in the diagnosis of hematological diseases, referred to as hematopathologists.
Hematologists and hematopathologists work in conjunction to formulate a diagnosis and deliver the most appropriate therapy if needed. Hematology is a distinct subspecialty of internal medicine, separate from but overlapping with the subspecialty of medical oncology.
Immunologist: is a research scientist who investigates the immune system of vertebrates (including the human immune system). Immunologists include research scientists (Ph.D.) who work in laboratories. Immunologists also include physicians who, for example, treat patients with immune system disorders. Some immunologists are physician-scientists who combine laboratory research with patient care.”
Internist: Although internists may act as primary care physicians, they are not “family physicians,”family practitioners,” or “general practitioners,” whose training is not solely concentrated on adults and may include surgery, obstetrics, and pediatrics.
The American College of Physicians defines internists as “physicians who specialize in the prevention, detection, and treatment of illnesses in adults”.
Neurologists usually examine patients who are referred to them by other physicians in both the inpatient and outpatient settings.
A neurologist will begin their interaction with a patient by taking a comprehensive medical history, and then perform a physical examination focusing on evaluating the nervous system.
Components of the neurological examination include assessment of the patient’s cognitive function, cranial nerves, motor strength, sensation, reflexes, coordination, and gait.
Some of the commonly encountered conditions treated by neurologists include headaches, radiculopathy, neuropathy, stroke, dementia, seizures and epilepsy, Parkinson’s Disease, multiple sclerosis, head trauma, sleep disorders, neuromuscular diseases, and various infections and tumors of the nervous system.
Pulmonologist: Pulmonologists are specially trained in diseases and conditions of the chest, particularly pneumonia, asthma, tuberculosis, emphysema, and complicated chest infections.
Pulmonary is considered a branch of internal medicine and is related to intensive care medicine. Pulmonologist often involves managing patients who need life support and mechanical ventilation.
Ophthalmologist: An ophthalmologist is a specialist in medical and surgical eye problems. Since ophthalmologists perform operations on eyes, they are considered to be both surgical and medical specialists.
Otolaryngologist: Practitioners are called and professionally designated by the more accurate term otolaryngologists-head and neck surgeons, as professionals trained in otolaryngology, are experts in surgical conditions of the head and neck (ENT).
Pediatrician is a medical doctor that the primary care of infants, children, and adolescents.
Podiatrist: Podiatrists treat a wide variety of foot and lower extremity conditions, through nonsurgical and surgical approaches.
All psychiatrists are trained in diagnostic evaluation and psychopharmacological treatment.
Only psychiatrists are authorized to prescribe psychiatric medication, conduct physical examinations, order and interpret laboratory tests and electroencephalograms, and may order brain imaging studies such as computed tomography or computed axial tomography (CT/CAT Scan), Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and positron emission tomography scanning.
Radiologist is a specialty medical doctor that employs the use of imaging to both diagnose and treat disease visualized within the human body. Radiologists use an array of imaging technologies (such as X-ray radiography, ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), nuclear medicine, positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)) to diagnose or treat diseases.
Interventional radiology is the performance of (usually minimally invasive) medical procedures with the guidance of imaging technologies. The acquisition of medical imaging is usually carried out by the radiographer or radiologic technologist.
Rheumatologist: A doctor that treats arthritis, autoimmune diseases, pain disorders affecting joints, and osteoporosis. There are more than 200 types of these diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, gout, lupus, back pain, osteoporosis, and tendinitis. Some of these are far-reaching diseases that can be difficult to diagnose and treat.
Urologist: is a medical doctor and surgical specialist that focuses on the urinary tracts of males and females, and on the reproductive system of men.
Medical professionals specializing in the field of urology are trained to diagnose, treat, and manage patients with urological disorders. The organs covered by urology include the kidneys, adrenal glands, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra, and the male reproductive organs.
This medical specialist listed is a broad overview of experts and is limited.
Please note that within many specialist doctors there are subspecialists.
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